What Is Agreement in English Language

As a professional, I am here to explain what agreement means in the English language.

Agreement, in English grammar, refers to the correspondence between a noun and its associated pronoun or verb in terms of grammatical properties such as number, gender, and case. In layman`s terms, it means that the words in a sentence must agree with each other in terms of their form, tense, and subject-verb agreement.

Number agreement refers to the agreement of a word with its subject in terms of singular or plural. If the subject is singular, the associated verb must be singular as well. For instance, the sentence “He goes to the store” is correct because the subject “he” is singular, and the verb “goes” agrees with it. On the other hand, the sentence “He go to the store” is grammatically incorrect because the verb “go” is plural, and it does not agree with the singular subject.

Gender agreement refers to the agreement of a word with its gender-specific pronoun. In English, gender-specific pronouns include “he,” “she,” and “it.” For instance, the sentence “She likes to read” is correct because “she” refers to a female person, and the verb “likes” agrees with it. Similarly, “he” would be used to refer to a male person, and “it” would be used for inanimate objects.

Case agreement refers to the agreement between a noun and its associated pronoun or adjective concerning their function in a sentence. In English, there are three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive. For example, in the sentence “She gave me her book,” the word “she” is in the nominative case, “me” is in the objective case and “her” is in the possessive case.

Subject-verb agreement refers to the agreement of a verb with its subject. For instance, in the sentence “The dog barks at night,” the verb “barks” is singular because the subject “dog” is singular. If the subject is plural, the verb should be plural too, as in the sentence “The dogs bark at night.”

In conclusion, agreement in the English language is essential for effective communication. When words are not in agreement, it can lead to confusion and misinterpretation. Therefore, it is vital to ensure that the words in a sentence agree with each other in terms of their form, tense, and subject-verb agreement.